THE distance between Guadeloupe Islands in the Caribbean and Poland’s capital – Warsaw – is 8,000 kms; while the period between the quadripartite meeting which ended the rule of the Shah in Iran and the meeting of 60 countries to set up guidelines on fighting Iran’s terrorism is 40 years.
In the first meeting, the USA, Britain, France and Germany focused on oil price. A month prior to the meeting, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi announced that he intends to increase the price of oil to $80 in order to meet the needs of his people, development and oil production cost. This is what he said in his interview with Al-Seyassah daily before he went into exile.
At the time, the 1973 oil boycott was still fresh in the minds of Western countries as a result of the Arab-Israeli October War. The fear of returning to unemployment and economic stagnation in those countries was real; hence, the decision to desert the Shah, leaving his fate in the hands of his people.
Communications were made between the US and France with Ayatollah Khomeini who was in exile in Paris. The latter promised to then US President Jimmy Carter to secure US interests in Iran and gave reassurance that Iran will continue selling its oil to the US.
This confidential letter was one of several promises made by Khomeini, prompting Washington to facilitate the exile of the Shah and the return of Khomeini. In other words, it was the main reason for the radical change of the regime which lasted for 2,500 years.
After the fall of the Shah, the Western powers realized their misjudgment. Later, the reality of Khomeini’s scheme in the region and the world crystallized. The scheme was based on ‘exporting revolution’ and transforming the entire region into ‘Shiah’.
During his time, the Shah had no militia terrorist gangs spreading havoc in the world and the Western interests in general; while the first step taken by Khomeini was to utilize the Arab political force which ideologically concurs with his religious culture to build armed factions.
He perfectly used such dogmatic approach during the Iran-Iraq war in the series of explosions and assassination attempts in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. This approach led to the formation of the terrorist microstate in Lebanon called ‘Hezbollah’.
Afterwards, terrorism spread globally, starting in the Arab region to Latin America, Europe and Africa. Iran’s embassies became spy hubs where its operatives abduct opposition figures and assassinate them, in addition to carrying out various types of destruction.
Due to this attitude, the international community was reluctant to deal with the regime. The international community decided to boycott and isolate the regime, especially amid its military programs – nuclear field or ballistic missiles, and continuous threats to close the Strait of Hormuz. This was followed by the formation of the Houthi militia in Yemen and its announcement to block Mandeb Strait in the face of international trade.
This made political solutions with the regime like a mirage considering their unreliability, especially after the nuclear deal with the six major countries. The regime utilized the wealth it received from these countries in its delusional expansionism scheme that cannot be achieved under circumstances which followed the Second World War and fall of the Soviet Union.
Today, 40 years after the historic quadripartite meeting, the international community opted to protect Iranians from the organized oppression of the theocratic regime.
It also protects them from continuous starvation to prevent the country from falling into civil war and refugees like the Iraqi and Syrian cases; while remedying the consequences of terrorist operations carried out by the regime through the instigation of creedal and sectarian sedition.
After the wave of disorder and civil wars in some Arab countries, the world is now convinced that it is impossible to eliminate terrorism without getting rid of the causes, one of which is the Iranian politics that has been going on since 1979.
The role of Iran is seen in many conflicts in the Middle East. It has become an obstacle to any attempt to eliminate terrorist groups as it has embarked on dividing countries and societies; particularly in Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon. It is the main source of continuous tension and disputes in the entire region.
Based on all these facts, it has become necessary for the international coalition which organized the Warsaw Summit to come up with an ideal plan to end the terrorism that the Mullah regime is carrying out in the world.
Despite the distance – location and time – between Guadeloupe Islands and Warsaw, it seems the international community is keen on fixing strategy mistakes that leaders of the four countries fell into 40 years ago.
This time, it will include the determination of 60 countries to get rid of the regime which can only be described as the source of ongoing terror.
By Ahmed Al-Jarallah
Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times