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Thursday , October 21 2021

Dreaming of the revival

The Turkic tribes coming from Central Asia established their emirate on the Eurasian plateaus in July 1299 to repel the Byzantine raids from the Seljuk Sultanate.

After the collapse of the rule of the Seljuks, the Turkmen emirates affiliated with them became independent, and the Ottoman Empire, which was named after Osman bin Ertugrul was able to defeat them and establish a state that lasted nearly 600 years, until it collapsed on October 29, 1923.

The Ottomans crossed the border and invaded Eastern Europe for the first time in 1354 AD. In 1543 AD, they defeated the Byzantine Empire, occupied Constantinople, changed its name to “Istanbul”, the state reached the height of its expansion and included large parts of Europe, Asia and Africa, and controlled the Levant, Egypt and the Hijaz in 1517 AD.

With the abdication of “Muhammad Al-Mutawakkil” the last Abbasid caliphs, the Sultan Selim I, announced the Ottoman Caliphate, and during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent (1520-1566) it became a great power, however it began to decline in 1740 AD, and the Union and Progress Party, during the reign of Abdul Hamid II, gained control of Parliament.

In the First World War in 1918, the Ottomans surrendered to the allies, ending its political character in 1922 and the caliphate ending on October 29, 1923 with the establishment of the current Republic of Turkey in its place.

Turkish culture was greatly influenced by the Arabic and Persian cultures during this period, to the extent that approximately 90% of the words in the Ottoman Turkish language were of Arab or Persian origins, but this language gradually fell at the hands of “Mustafa Kemal”, and the majority of foreign terms were removed from it and it was fed with purely Turkish ones.

Despite the authoritarian, bloody and colonial nature of the Ottoman state, many, even today, consider it an extension of the Islamic caliphate, and therefore the dream of its restoration and revival dwells in the hearts and imaginations of these people, especially the Arabs, after the modern-day Turks rejected it, and hated it, because they saw its woes and suffered from its evils more than others, especially in the last years of its collapse.

Nearly 680 years after the establishment of the Ottoman Empire and 60 years after the collapse of the Ottoman Caliphate, Ayatollah Khomeini established his Islamic Republic in Iran, becoming the closest model to the idea of an Islamic caliphate, but it did not find a whim among the Sunni majority of Muslims, except for some who enjoyed its material and moral support.

After 720 years of the establishment of the Ottoman Empire, and a hundred years after the collapse of the Ottoman Caliphate, the Taliban established its Islamic Emirate, in Afghanistan, in a model that is the closest to the idea of the Caliphate, and the first Sunni application of its idea, therefore, it was not surprising that the announcement of the establishment of the emirate was received with joy by various parties, especially those with extremist religious tendencies.

Accordingly, we call upon these people and their ilk from the other side, to live in one of the two states, in particular to help the nascent state, which is poorer than the other, and support it with money and sons, to realize the dream that has long been in their hearts, so that they can rest and relax.

e-mail: a.alsarraf@alqabas.com.kw

By Ahmad alsarraf

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