THE Muslim Brotherhood Group, Al-Qaeda, ISIS, the Dawa Party, Hezbollah and all such groups among us can be regarded as the best examples of the apostasy wars that we are experiencing. They did not end with the rooting off by the Caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him); rather, they began even before the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and they continue in various forms.
Unfortunately, when we try to figure out who is responsible for it, we realize that its blood is divided among sects, tribes, parties, and even personal tendencies.
When Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) began to invite people to Islam, his tribe – the Quraysh – objected to his call in order to keep the leadership in Makkah. They used the worst adjectives to describe him. When he triumphed over them with the truth, they resorted to kind words, and the response of the Prophet was tolerance and kind words. This is because he had the upper hand on the situation, as well as the divine support, let alone the fact that his call was to all humanity, not to a particular tribe or community.
However, some of them broke their vows after his death as they were under the illusion that Islam ended with the departure of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). In fact, some among them invented a new religion such as Musailima (the liar) and his wife Sajah who assumed that they have the upper hand in matters after their marriage.
One of the strangest things they did in the morning after their wedding night was that they cancelled the “Fajr” (morning) prayer, and reduced the rate of zakat from their followers.
It was not limited to these two, but there were others. However, all of them did not look at the nascent state that the Prophet had established in Medinah, and its growing power within a few years, which forced the Romans and Persians, the two largest empires at the time, to recognize it.
Rather, the fever of leadership and judgment seized them, even if it was the end of the sword or sedition.
After the era of the first three Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the vision of some Muslim leaders changed with regard to the form of government, so the fourth Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) sought to complete the course of the state on the path left by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, Omar bin Al-Khattab, and Uthman bin Affan (may Allah be pleased with them).
Concerning Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan (may Allah be pleased with him) whose mandate was on the borders of the Roman state, he saw that the ruling should be in the form that it is in the enemy neighbor, that is ruling of the states politically and not religiously.
The outcome of such a shift was the great war of Siffin, which was the start of the current sectarian division. It was in fact the greatest setback in Islamic history because of its negative consequences.
Even the Umayyad and Abbasid Empire, despite their strength and geographical scope, were not spared from the wars of political apostasy, as extremist groups were breeding like mushrooms on the sidelines of every battle.
Unfortunately, all this did not constitute any lesson for the current elites – political and non-political, ruling and opposition, but it seems that they circle around the Arabs in a vicious circle, retrieving history and not benefiting from it.
Therefore, we saw the wars of political apostasy in the modern era, such as in Egypt in 1952 from which the fashion of coups began, then in Iraq in 1958, Libya and other Arab countries, as well as Islamic countries, such as the Mullahs’ coup against the Shah in 1979. There were also civil wars such as in Lebanon in 1975, leading it to be disintegrated into areas dominated by gangs and militias and are currently controlled by the Hezbollah gang, which prevents any rapprochement between the two parties.
This reality left the people of the nation worried about their future. After the so-called “Arab Spring”, they discovered the extent of the fragility of the institutions of governance, and the legitimate absence of the state.
Development in these countries was nothing but a shining false rhetoric, and unlike the rest of the world that went through existential crises which enabled them to overcome through sustainable development, as seen in many Western countries that currently occupy the top ranks in all fields.
When it comes to us, I mean the Arab and Islamic worlds, we still live with the mentality of “Dahis and Ghabra” war in the governments and states, because our adventurous hotheads still have power and strength.
There is no doubt that this matter costs the Arabs and Muslims a lot. They will not get out of the tunnel until they are convinced that nations do not develop without awareness, and they stop relying on myths. Man is the one who works miracles if he changes his backward reality and benefits from the data of his time, and works to address his negatives instead of cursing the darkness and surrendering.
This would increase the attribute of beheading practiced by ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Al-Dawa, and Hezbollah, as it will become the dominant force due to the absence of the essence of a state.
By Ahmed Al-Jarallah
Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times