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Wednesday , July 28 2021

From Andalusian kings to Iraq, this is how monarchs have fallen

EXISTENCE of feuds among the members of the ruling family is a clear indication that the state has lost its direction. Unless a savior rescues it from further degeneration, the state will continue to crack under the weight of feuds among the members of the ruling family.

This was what happened with the Andalusian Arab kingdoms, and even in the Arabian Peninsula more than one hundred years ago. Conflicts between the ruling families led to the downfall of kingdoms and emirates. They were brought to an end by a historic leader, King Abdulaziz bin Saud, who established this great kingdom that continues on the path of stability and development even to this day.

In Kuwait at the end of the 19th century, Sheikh Mubarak Al-Kabeer was able to lay the foundations of an independent emirate, despite the great powers’ pressure on it at that time, thanks to his decision to unify the ruling family.

Prior to that, the Egypt of Muhammad Ali Pasha – the pioneer of modernity in that great country – had degenerated due to the conflicts that broke out among his grandchildren during the reign of King Farouk, which led it to its collapse. The same happened in Libya.

The English experience is perhaps more evident in this regard. Between the 16th and 17th centuries, England witnessed a wave of unrest due to the disputes within the ruling house that led to the execution of Queen Mary in 1558. However, after her sister Elizabeth I ascended to the throne, she immediately embarked on uniting the family, and putting down the opposition movements that were empowered by some princes. She dedicated herself to her country, choosing not to get married and thus earning the title “The Virgin Queen”, and ended up ruling for 49 years.

After her death, disputes erupted on the throne again. Each of the involved parties took an ally either from inside or outside the state. Thus, Charles I came to power while being weak and shackled by his alliances. It resulted in the parliamentarian revolution led by Oliver Cromwell who led the overthrow of the monarchy by executing the king in 1649.

However, it did not take long for people to realize that the republicans are not revolutionaries seeking to achieve social justice and respect for people’s rights; rather, they covet the wealth of the state at the expense of entrenching the misery of the poor.

In this regard, going back to history is a necessity, because those who do not learn from the experiences of others may end up drowning in their illusions. The prowlers, enemies and opportunists of all kinds cover their speech with glamorous slogans that tickle people’s feelings. However, their only concern is to achieve their objectives at the expense of innocent people irrespective of the cost.

The weakness of the Iraqi ruling family had led to its fall into the abyss of murder, blood and drudgery, because the members of the ruling house opened doors to conflicts. Narrow-minded settlements led to the existence of a weak king and a weaker crown prince, and he entrusted the ruling order to the Prime Minister Nouri Al-Saeed.

Evidently, this prime minister, throughout his existence in power, played over the contradictions in order to be the one who has the final say in managing the country. It led the state to live through decades of repression, killing, abuse, deterioration of economic and living standards, corruption, and the looting of tens of billions of dollars.

By Ahmed Al-Jarallah

Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times

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