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KUWAIT CITY, June 15: Kuwait has advanced seven places on the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2019, issued by the Institute of Economics and International Peace, compared to its rank on the index last year, ranking 43rd globally and second Qatar (among the GCC countries) which is ranked 31st in the world, reports Al-Qabas daily.
The GPI is based on what the passive peace scale of each country in relation to the ongoing domestic and international conflicts of each country, its role and duration of involvement in the conflict. The second area of the Institute’s index is measuring the level of harmony and division within each country based on data that broadly assess personal safety and social security, crime rates, terrorist activity, violent demonstrations, harmonious relations between neighboring countries, stability of the political scene and proportions of internally displaced persons or refugees to neighboring countries.
The Institute is also based on other indicators related to the military situation of each country and access to weapons. Data are measured on the military expenditures of each country as a percentage of gross domestic product, the number of military personnel and the state’s financial contributions to the UN peacekeeping missions.
The world has become calmer this year for the first time in five years, with the average level of calm rising by 0.09 percent, the institute said, pointing out that the increase in calm came as a result of the decline of the intensity of many major conflicts around the world, and number of deaths.
Iceland and New Zealand maintained their lead this year, followed by Portugal (3), Austria (4), Denmark (5), Canada (6), Singapore (7), Slovenia (8), Japan (9) and Czech Republic (10). Afghanistan came at the bottom of the list at 163, preceded by Syria at 162, South Sudan (161), Yemen (160) and Iraq (159).