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Monday , October 26 2020

‘We won’t give up trying to reach Europe’

A woman stands in front of her tent at a makeshift camp at the Greek-Macedonian border
A woman stands in front of her tent at a makeshift camp at the Greek-Macedonian border

IDOMENI, Greece, March 8, (Agencies): Refugees and migrants stranded at Greece’s border with Macedonia vowed to keep trying to cross on Tuesday, hours after European Union leaders declared an end to a mass scramble to reach wealthy countries in Europe from war zones. At least 34,000 people have been trapped in various parts of Greece from a cascade of border shutdowns further north blocking a so-called ‘Balkans corridor’ used by more than a million people since the migratory wave started a year ago. There was no sign the pressure was easing on Tuesday, as would-be migrants on Turkey’s Aegean coast vowed to continue attempting perilous sea crossings and thousands of people queued at Greece’s northern border for Macedonia to open a border gate.

Greek police say it has not opened in at least 24 hours, but heavy rain and a declaration by EU leaders that a tentative accord reached with Turkey on Monday would close the Balkans route did not dampen their resolve. “We will stay here even if we all die,” said Kadriya Jasem, a 25-yearold from Aleppo in Syria among at least 13,000 people living in squalor in makeshift camp in Idomeni, a village on the Greek side of the border with Macedonia. She held a four-month-old baby in her arms who she said needed a doctor. “Please open the border, if only for the children,” she said.

At an EU summit on Monday, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told leaders of the bloc Ankara was willing to take back all migrants who enter Europe from Turkey in future in return for financial aid, faster EU entry talks and quicker visa-free travel for its citizens. People fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East and beyond have flooded into the EU since early 2015, most making the perilous sea crossing from Turkey to Greece, then heading north through the Balkans to Germany. EU leaders aim to work out key details with Turkey by the next scheduled summit on March 17-18.

European Council President Donald Tusk, said the outcome would show migrants that there was no longer a path into Europe for people seeking a better life. “The days of irregular migration to Europe are over,” he told a joint news conference with Davutoglu in the early hours of Tuesday. In Izmir, the main city on Turkey’s Aegean coast, there was little immediate sign that the draft deal with the EU — which could see Ankara receive 6 billion euros ($6.6 billion) in aid would deter migrants from attempting sea crossings to Greece.

“All countries and their presidents are looking out for their own interests only and taking money on the back of the Syrian people,” said Ibrahim Abdulhamid Ivaki, a Syrian father of four who entered Turkey 20 days ago, dismissing the deal. “I want to go with my family to Europe,” he told Reuters, as he ate breakfast in an Izmir cafe. In an abandoned beach house near Cesme, a town on the tip of a Turkish peninsula stretching towards the Greek island of Chios, Afghan migrant Mohammed, 27, said he was aware of the situation on the Macedonian border but would still try to go.

“I heard the latest situation on the border between Greece and Macedonia, but if I pass to Greece I believe that I will find a way to Germany,” he said, adding he had struggled to find work in Istanbul and wanted to join relatives working as builders in Germany. Idomeni continued to see arrivals on Tuesday morning, albeit at a slower pace, Reuters witnesses said. There was no let-up in the number of people arriving on outlying islands, with the government reporting 723 new arrivals in the past 24 hours. Meanwhile, EU and Turkish leaders on Tuesday sought to turn into a lasting accord a plan on easing Europe’s migrant crisis hailed as a game-changer by Ankara and Brussels but swiftly criticised by the UN’s refugee chief.

The day after agreeing the tentative plan following late night talks in Brussels, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu was to discuss how it could work in a crucial meeting with his Greek counterpart Alexis Tsipras. The EU is wooing Turkey — used by over one million migrants in the last year as a springboard for reaching the bloc — as the key player in helping ease Europe’s worst migrant crisis since World War II.

The talks in Brussels were expected to be tough but Davutoglu upped the ante by bringing additional Turkish demands to the table — such as accelerated visa liberalisation — as well as offering more than EU diplomats expected. But after hours of talks, EU president Donald Tusk described the outcome as a “breakthrough” and said he would now work on the legal details to reach a final deal at a European summit in Brussels on March 17-18. A key pillar of the mooted deal was the unexpected offer by Ankara to take back every irregular migrant that crosses from Turkey to the islands of EU member Greece.

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