It was always clear to anyone paying attention that the 2016 impeachment of Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff was a diversionary tactic to cover up rampant corruption from across the aisle. Maddeningly, news outlets outside the country spoke more about whether she was qualified for the job — a blatantly misogynistic aspersion generically cast at female politicians — rather than the fact that a rich white male elite had just circumvented Brazilian democracy and staged a coup. The urgent need to clearly narrate these events is behind Maria Augusta Ramos’ remarkable “The Trial,” a necessary observational documentary that follows the senate’s impeachment hearings to their foregone conclusion.
While the film will be recognized as a crucial record of the travesty that was the impeachment process, it must be stated that the complexities of Brazilian party politics, and the more than two-hour running time, mean “The Trial” will have a difficult time luring a broad audience. That’s unlikely to be a problem for Ramos, who’s made nothing short of a nonconfrontational “J’accuse” directed at her country’s government and citizens. Judging by the electrified reaction among the large numbers of Brazilian expat spectators at the Berlin Film Festival screening, the documentary will be compulsory viewing among the diaspora as well as at home.
Patient viewers even without much foreknowledge would do well to stay seated to the end, because while the first half can be hard going, given long sequences of senate hearings, the latter part builds into a riveting spectacle of justice sacrificed on the altar of mammon. In her previous documentaries, notably her exceptional trilogy on the Brazilian justice system, Ramos was able to foreground the human faces caught within a rule-bound, labyrinthine institution; in “The Trial” the feeling is more choral, with various sections voicing their parts, punctuated by shots of Brasilia’s distinct architectural spaces and protesting crowds that act as the entr’acte to each movement.
Ramos begins with public access footage from the tumultuous house of representatives vote, when opposition politicians such as the despicable father-son duo Jair and Eduardo Bolsonaro praise the former military dictatorship as they cast their vote for impeachment on charges that Dilma improperly used her budgetary authority. From then on, the images all belong to Ramos and her DP Alan Schvarsberg as they enter the senate committee chamber where the charges are examined.
The documentary doesn’t identify anyone, so one needs to be familiar with the politicians or pay very close attention, not just to what officials are saying but to the nonverbal groups they form. What’s so striking on merely a visual level is seeing the opposition, all older white males in conservative suits, clearly freezing out the more diverse (though not enough) men and women from Dilma’s party. Spectacularly tainted politicians like Eduardo Cunha and Romero Juca were allowed to lead the charges, supported by the ridiculous figure of jurist Janaina Paschoal, a melodramatic shill whose flamboyant performances make one wonder if she’s simply lying or truly delusional.
Attorney General Jose Eduardo Cardozo warns that a coup is taking place, but his entreaties are ignored as Dilma is suspended for 180 days while the committee continues to weigh the charges, passing the reins of government to vice president Michel Tamer, a man who invites credible corruption allegations like rats attract fleas.
When Dilma herself testifies, her inner strength is evident not only in her manner of speaking but also via the charged glances, like lighthouse beams, she directs at those around her. Ramos isn’t interested here in an assessment of Dilma’s time in office, nor in the charges against her predecessor, Luiz Lula da Silva — that’s fodder for another film. What “The Trial” exposes instead is the way blatantly unscrupulous politicians desperate to save their own skins against corruption charges made a travesty of justice.
Ramos also doesn’t demonize the crowds of demonstrators outside chanting for impeachment, which she balances with protesters supporting the president. Their appearance gives a framework to the proceedings, reminding viewers that what goes on inside the chambers has an external impact. For the doc’s first half, Ramos’ non-interventionist style can have the numbing feeling of Frederick Wiseman’s beloved board meetings, but her careful unemotional calibration aids the film’s build-up, opening the path of indignation and allowing the audience to charge down its contaminated byways all on its own.
LOS ANGELES: The Vatican TV Center has released a trailer for “Pope Francis — A Man of His Word,” the documentary directed by Wim Wenders. There is now speculation that the film could also launch from the Cannes Film Festival.
German auteur Wenders, the maker of “Wings of Desire” and documentaries such as “Buena Vista Social Club” and “Pina,” was given unprecedented access to the Pope over a two-year period for “A Man of His Word.” Wenders was also able to use exclusive footage from the Vatican TV archives of Pope Francis on his world travels.
The documentary revolves around a long dialogue with the pontiff, who answers questions “about the main global challenges of the contemporary world: death, social justice, immigration, ecology, inequality, materialism, and the role of the family,” according to a Vatican TV Center statement.
The visual style that Wenders has adopted for the film allows Francis to address audiences informally and to “establish an intimate relationship with people in different paths of life: workers and farmers, children and the elderly, prisoners and refugees, inhabitants of shantytowns and refugee camps,” the statement said.
As previously announced, Focus Features has set a May 18 US release date for “A Man of his Word,” which is expected to launch initially on about 100 screens. It will also go out in the UK on that date. (RTRS)
The film has been submitted to Cannes, according to a source involved in the production, who added that they are now waiting for a response. Cannes runs May 8-19, so the timing would be compatible. Focus Features, which acquired world rights to “A Man of his Word” during Cannes last year, is believed to be mounting an innovative global marketing strategy that is still being kept under wraps and that may depend on whether it gets into Cannes or not.
The docu was originated by Msgr. Dario Edoardo Vigano, Prefect of the Secretariat for Communication of the Holy See, who is film buff and a big Wenders fan. It is produced by Wenders with Samanta Gandolfi Branca, Alessandro Lo Monaco (“The World’s Smallest Army”), Andrea Gambetta and David Rosier (“The Salt of the Earth”). The film is a co-production comprising Celestes Images, Centro Televisivo Vaticano, Solares Fondazione delle Arti, PTS Art’s Factory, Neue Road Movies, Fondazione Solares Suisse, and Decia Films. (RTRS)
By Jay Weissberg