Fears of more election violence
ISLAMABAD, July 14, (Agencies): A week of bombings on political rallies has shattered the relative peace of Pakistan’s general election campaign, culminating in a devastating suicide attack that killed at least 130 people at a rally in the southwestern Baluchistan province.
As campaigning intensifies, attacks in different areas of the country have stoked fear of more violence in the Muslim country of 208 million where political rallies can draw tens of thousands of people.
The July 25 election features dozens of parties, with two main contenders: ex-cricket hero Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehree-i-Insaf and the Pakistan Muslim League- Nawaz, which vows to win a second term despite the jailing of founder, ex-prime minster Nawaz Sharif, on a corruption conviction.
Islamic State claimed responsibility for Friday night’s suicide bombing at a rally for the Baluchistan Awami Party (BAP). Among the 130 killed was the party’s provincial assembly candidate Siraj Raisani.
A video clip showed Raisani speaking just before the attack, greeting crowds seated on the ground under a large tent before the blast hit and the image cut off. A senior party official said the attack would not dent its election hopes. “It’s a big loss as far as Mr Raisani is concerned for us … But will it reverse the course of the political party? No,” said Anwar ul Haq Kakar, a BAP member of Pakistan’s Senate.
Pakistan’s campaign until this week had been relatively peaceful, compared with frequent attacks by the Pakistani Taleban during the 2013 election, which saw 170 people killed, according to statistics from the Pakistan Institute for Peace Studies.
Then, three attacks over four days killed at least 152 people. On Tuesday, a Pakistani Taleban suicide bomber blew himself up at a rally by the Awami National Party (ANP) in the northwestern city of Peshawar, killing 20 people. Among the dead in Peshawar was ANP candidate Haroon Bilour, whose father, senior ANP leader Bashir Bilour, was himself killed in a 2012 suicide bombing in the city. And on Friday, another bomb struck the convoy of the religious Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal party (MMA) in the northern town of Bannu, killing four people. Although overall violence has ebbed in Pakistan in recent years following an army offensive on militant strongholds in the northwest, both the Pakistani Taleban and Islamic State still launch attacks from across the border in Afghanistan.
Pakistan’s army will deploy about 371,000 troops on election day, almost three times the number in 2013, to protect the polling places. Sharif’s highly-anticipated return from London and subsequent arrest for corruption was overshadowed as the carnage in Mastung, in the southwestern province of Balochistan, unfolded late Friday.
Newspapers branded the blast — one of the deadliest in Pakistan’s history — a “massacre”, as analysts and media called on the military to, in the words of the daily Dawn, “do the job they are meant to do — ie preventing attacks”.
One week ago, Sharif was sentenced in abstentia to 10 years in prison on corruption charges. He was transferred to the garrison city of Rawalpindi, adjacent to Islamabad, after landing in Lahore Friday. Media reports said he was being held in a prison there. S
harif has claimed he is the victim of a military conspiracy, and there are widespread allegations from the media, politicians and analysts that the powerful security establishment is meddling in the polls. Mobile signals were blocked and police deployed in the eastern city of Lahore where Sharif’s supporters had gathered as he landed. Soon after, the scale of the destruction in Mastung — hundreds of kilometres (miles) to the southwest, where an Islamic State suicide bomber had detonated at a crowded political rally — began to emerge. “It has never been more true that Pakistan’s security establishment needs to focus on security, not politics,” tweeted analyst Mosharraf Zaidi as mourners gathered to bury their dead in Mastung Saturday. More funerals were planned for the afternoon. Hospitals in the area have been placed under “emergency” management after being overwhelmed in the hours after the attack, with around 150 also wounded in the blast — many still in critical condition. “I could hear voices screaming. I tried to get up and I saw people trying to run towards the gate.
They were trampling over dead bodies,” survivor Rustam Raisani told AFP from his hospital bed. “We have imposed emergency (management) in the hospitals and cancelled the vacations of the doctors and paramedics,” Balochistan home minister Agha Umar Bungalzai told AFP. The provincial home secretary Haider Shako added that extra security forces had been deployed in “sensitive areas” and warned politicians to remain “vigilant”.
A caretaker government has been installed ahead of the July 25 election, and prime minister Nasirul Mulk declared Sunday would be a day of mourning. Security analyst Rahimullah Yusufzai termed the blasts a “wave of terror” that indicated coordination between militant groups, and noted that security forces could not protect every single campaign event. But “they have been sidetracked,” he added of the military, and “criticised for taking sides and focusing on politics”. He predicted the bloodshed would continue “until the election and even after”.
Violence has dropped significantly since the country’s deadliest-ever militant attack, an assault on a school in the northwestern city of Peshawar in 2014 that left more than 150 people dead, mostly children. The military intensified operations against militants in the tribal areas along the border with Afghanistan in the wake of that attack, and security has improved dramatically. But analysts have long warned that Pakistan is not getting to the root causes of extremism, and that militants retain the ability to carry out spectacular attacks like the blast in Mastung.
“It has proved that the work that was required was not done,” the head of the Pakistan Peoples Party, Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari, said in televised comments on Saturday. He warned that unless terrorism is wiped out “these incidents will continue to happen”. Lahore resident Shahzad Anwar told AFP on Saturday that such an attack was the result of the “failure of security institutions”. “It’s wrong. It should not happen. The security institutions should work on this,” he said.
Sharif’s return is set to increase political tensions as his Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz seeks to fend off a challenge from the party of cricketerturned- politician Imran Khan at the polls. Sharif has been banned from holding political office, but analysts have said his return is aimed at reinvigorating support for his party, now led by younger brother Shahbaz, which is limping towards the vote after a lacklustre campaign.
The military has already warned of a security threat in the run-up to the vote, and said it will deploy more than 370,000 soldiers on polling day.