THE Kurds have shown the world the reality of their independent country that will have huge repercussions on the region, and perhaps lead to geographical changes in Turkey, Iran and Syria as well as Iraq, which seems to be the first country to suffer from losses in this aspect.
Even though the Kurds’ separation poses a direct threat to Iran, it withdrew from its stance and the consensus of the countries surrounding Kurdistan concerning the closure of borders, with the hope of establishing an ally country in the south of Iraq.
The Kurds’ separation did not come out of the blue. In fact, it has been the longstanding dream of over 47 million people living on their land, the control of which was distributed among four countries that bear full responsibility of enhancing the spirit of independence in this ethnical formation due to their historical practices.
Iraq was engaged in a war with the Kurds that lasted for about 20 years from the 1960s to the 1980s. In Iraq, agreements signed between the parties in conflict at that time are yet to be implemented. This is exactly what happened in 2003 when its federal constitution was endorsed even though its implementation went on to serve the interests of the ruling power.
This included coalition of power affiliated to Iran and the Kurds in facing the opposing force through agitation of sectarian sentiments which led to Shiite-Sunni war in various forms. This war was based on the scheme that was aimed at dividing Iraq into smaller states in the south characterized by certain creedal trends.
Amid the clamor that followed the independence referendum, it is perhaps helpful to refer to the various documents of the Zionist leaders, starting with the infamous First Zionist Congress (Basle Congress) at the end of the 19th century.
During that meeting, the Zionists agreed on the solution to establish a safe and stable Jewish state by dividing the Arab world and igniting civil wars of either sectarian or religious or ethnical kind.
This Zionist idea was clearly explained by the former Israeli Prime Ministers David Ben-Gurion and Golda Meir and Israel’s former Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, who were following the footsteps of Theodor Herzl in seizing an alternative state from the Ottomans.
And this was what International Zionism succeeded in doing in the past seven decades – breaking through the Arab world, igniting internal conflicts, bringing in the so-called Iranian Revolution to push more for turning the Zionist project into reality under the slogan of “exporting the revolution”, and boosting doctrinal spirit through alleged talks of their leaders about the repression of Shiites in the Arab world in the hands of the ruling Sunni regimes.
Everyone in the Arab world is fully aware that there is an undeclared mutual interest between Iran and Israel, which is quite clear to most of the Arab countries, either in the disintegration in Lebanon due to the control of Hezbollah Party in the decision-making process, or in Iraq and Yemen and even in Syria, which is witnessing a civil war that is part of a doctrinal war.
Unfortunately the Arab world is sinking with slogans instead of finding ways to solve its problems.
In 1952, the Jamal Abdul Nasser Coup d’état was established on the slogan of “Liberating Palestine” and turned it into the “Khameez Othman” (excuse) despite repeated defeats in the wars with Israel, which had managed to occupy large parts of Egypt, Syria, West Bank and Gaza Strip within six hours.
Before that, the coup led to the separation of Sudan. This means the Arab unity slogans raised by the Nasserite Movement was in reality a push for separation. This also happened in Yemen due to interference by that movement.
The Arab revolutionary regimes were not different from the 1952 coup d’état. Even the Iraqi coup plotters induced the Kurds for independence in return for their support of Iraq’s July 14th Revolution, the first repercussion of which was putting Iraq on a roadmap of division, which is being executed today through sectarian wars.
Recently, the Kurds announced the “Triple Talaq” (divorce) from Iraq. This has become a reality for which no war or sanction will prove useful, because the consequences of that will backfire on neighboring countries particularly Turkey with its huge Kurd population of about 22 million, Iran with eight million Kurds and Syria with about three million Kurds. All of them are connected geographically. Besides, there are those in the international community that support Kurd’s independence and deal with countries’ issues out of interests and not emotions.
So any talk about a war to restore Kurdistan to the house of Iraq’s obedience will not be realized because neither Turkey nor Iran is ready to wade into a war. In addition, both Iraq and Syria are currently drowning in civil wars and, at same time, taking directives from Iran which had already allowed the conduct of local elections in the federal of Syria for Kurds few weeks ago.
Everyone must ponder over this reality and reconsider the suggested solutions as well as seek to recognize the reality that successful experience has proven in the last three decades. These solutions are represented in formation of unions based on European and Gulf models that have a wide acceptance of ethnicity, instead of adhering to flimsy and fragile sovereignty which is being fought over for achieving Iranian and Turkish interests.
As for Arabs, they are paying the price for the division of their countries at a time when they are drowning in their fabricated problems or are busy attacking each other in search for paradise without working on overcoming the evil that is eating them.
By Ahmed Al-Jarallah
Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times