UNITED NATIONS, United States, May 7, (Agencies): More than 50 mass graves have been discovered in territory formerly controlled by Islamic State group fighters in Iraq, including three burial pits in a football field, the UN envoy said Friday. Jan Kubis told the Security Council that evidence of the “heinous crimes” committed by the jihadists in Iraq were being uncovered as territory is retaken from IS.
“More than 50 mass graves have been discovered so far in several areas of Iraq,” he said. Iraqi forces, with backing from the US-led coalition that carries out daily air strikes against IS, have retaken significant ground from the jihadists in recent months. In the city of Ramadi, three graves containing a total of up to 40 sets of remains were found in a football field on April 19, said Kubis.
Ramadi was declared liberated when Iraqi forces seized the main government compound back from the IS late last year, but the city was completely retaken only in February. The envoy said the humanitarian crisis was worsening in Iraq, with nearly a third of the population, or over 10 million people, now requiring urgent aid — double the number from last year. He projected that a further two million people could be displaced by the end of the year by new military campaigns aimed at driving out the Islamic State group. Iraqi and Kurdish forces launched an offensive in March in the province of Nineveh, of which IS-controlled Mosul is the capital.
The jihadists have held Mosul since June 2014. Kubis urged Iraqi leaders to resolve differences that have led to street protests in Baghdad, saying that the turmoil will only help IS maintain its foothold. “They are the ones who stand to benefit from political instability and lack of reforms,” said Kubis. Last week, protesters in Baghdad stormed parliament after MPs again failed to approve nominees for a cabinet of technocrats to replace the government of party-affiliated ministers.
Meanwhile, the top UN envoy in Iraq strongly urged the country’s political leaders and civil society on Friday to work together to resolve the current political deadlock, warning that the ongoing crisis and chaos are only serving the interests of Islamic State extremists.
Despite notable progress on the ground against the Islamic State group, Jan Kubis told the UN Security Council that “it remains a formidable and determined enemy that constantly adjusts its tactics and attack patterns.” He pointed to the discovery of more than 50 mass graves in territory retaken from IS, including three found on April 19 in the soccer grounds area of Ramadi, and reports that the extremist group is using chemical weapons. Kubis said enemies of Iraq — first and foremost IS extremists — “stand to benefit from political instability and lack of reforms.” He said a profound political crisis engulfing Baghdad and the country has paralyzed the work of the government and parliament “and added a new layer of complications to the already complex set of military, security, humanitarian, economic and human rights challenges the country is facing.”
Supporters of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr have been holding demonstrations and sit-ins for months to demand an overhaul of the political system put in place by the US following the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003.
On Saturday, hundreds of his supporters stormed the heavily fortified Green Zone in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, and broke into the parliament building. Kubis said a majority of Iraqi political blocs have rejected replacing the cabinet created on the basis of party affiliation or ethnic or sectarian with a cabinet of technocrats sought by al-Sadr and protesters who argue this is the only way “to enact genuine reforms, get rid of a powerful patronage system and achieve success in fighting corruption.” The political blocs view al-Sadr’s actions as an attempt to take power and de-legitimize the government and parliament, he said.
“The stability, security and unity of Iraq hinge on an effective and inclusive political system, and equality in decisionmaking at the federal and local levels, tangible solutions to prevent political and sectarian exclusion,” Kubis said. He urged the government, constitutional and political leaders and civil society to hold talks that not only resolve the political impasse but give hope to Iraqis for a better future and unite efforts behind the “critical effort” of fighting IS extremists.
But Kubis also reiterated Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon’s warning that IS cannot be defeated by military means alone and that efforts to retake IS-controlled territory will not be sustained without addressing the root causes of violent extremism and supporting people who have been displaced. Iraq’s UN Ambassador Mohamed Alhakim said the country’s leaders and elected political blocs are working to implement the prime minister’s reform program but focused his speech to the council on the fight against IS. “The year 2016 is a crucial year for Iraq, it is crucial for combatting terrorism and recovering all the territory taken over by the (IS) terrorist gangs,” he said.
Alhakim urged the US-led international coalition to build on military victories and the weakening of IS to liberate Mosul, the country’s second-largest city. He also urged the Security Council to set up an “international legal mechanism to pursue and bring to justice the criminals of (IS).” Kubis called the humanitarian crisis in Iraq “one of the world’s worst,” saying nearly a third of the population — over 10 million people — need humanitarian assistance.