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Kurdish forces seize Iraq’s Sinjar from Islamic State

Iraqi Kurdish forces are seen stationed on a hilltop as smoke billows during an operation by Iraqi Kurdish forces backed by US-led strikes in the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar on Nov 12, to retake the town from the Islamic State group and cut a key supply line to Syria. (AFP)
Iraqi Kurdish forces are seen stationed on a hilltop as smoke billows during an operation by Iraqi Kurdish forces backed by US-led strikes in the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar on Nov 12, to retake the town from the Islamic State group and cut a key supply line to Syria. (AFP)

NEAR SINJAR TOWN, Nov 13, (Agencies): Kurdish peshmerga forces backed by US air strikes seized the Iraqi town of Sinjar from Islamic State on Friday, a Reuters witness said, in one of the most significant counterattacks since the militants swept through the north last year. “ISIL defeated and on the run,” the Kurdistan regional security council said in a tweet, using an acronym for Islamic State.

It said the peshmerga had secured Sinjar’s wheat silo, cement factory, hospital and several other public buildings. Iraqi Kurdish regional President Massoud Barzani also declared victory in an offensive that could provide critical momentum in efforts to capture the western provincial capital Ramadi, and Mosul in the north, an Islamic State bastion.

“The liberation of Sinjar will have a big impact on liberating Mosul,” Barzani told reporters atop Mount Sinjar, overlooking the town. The recapture of Sinjar from Islamic State came as evidence grew that the group had suffered another setback with the probable death in an air strike in northern Syria of Jihadi John, a Briton who had appeared in videos showing the beheadings of American and British hostages.

Funding
In the Sinjar area itself, the operation severed vital supply routes used by Islamic State to move fighters, weapons and oil and other illicit commodities that provide funding for its self-proclaimed caliphate. Civilians appeared to have fled the town before the operation began. But it was still not clear if most Islamic State militants had carried out a tactical withdrawal. Kurdish forces, backed by US air strikes and volunteers from Iraq’s Yazidi minority, which has suffered atrocities at the hands of Islamic State, entered Sinjar on Friday after cutting it off from east and west.

The Kurdistan council said peshmerga forces had entered Sinjar “from all directions” to begin clearing remaining insurgents. A Reuters correspondent saw hundreds of peshmerga fighters walking into the town and along a main road without facing immediate resistance. Kurdish commanders expressed concerns that some were hiding and would blow themselves up as the peshmerga advanced. The number of Islamic State fighters in the town had risen to nearly 600 in the run-up to the offensive, but only a handful were left in Sinjar on Friday, said Brigadier General Seme Mala Mohammed of the Kurdish peshmerga.

Reuters could not independently verify his account. Islamic State, made up of Iraqis, other Arabs and foreign fighters, poses the biggest security threat to OPEC oil producer Iraq since a US-led invasion toppled Saddam Hussein in 2003. Campaigns to contain Islamic State have moved slowly in Iraq, where sectarian divisions and corruption have hindered military progress. Kurdish forces took up positions along Highway 47, which is a strategic route between Raqqa in Syria and the Iraqi city of Mosul — the main Islamic State bastions. Kurdish commanders says they will need to advance slowly to avoid explosives likely planted by Islamic State on roads and in buildings in Sinjar.

The Kurds have some of the most experienced forces in Iraq, where they fought Saddam’s security forces for decades. US Secretary of State John Kerry expressed confidence Sinjar would be cleared in days. President Barack Obama said he was focusing on shrinking and constraining Islamic State in Syria and Iraq but acknowledged that problems with the group would continue until the Middle East stabilizes. “Our goal has to be militarily constraining ISIL’s capabilities, cutting off their supply lines, cutting off their financing,” he told ABC News. Elsewhere in the region, at least 43 people were killed and more than 240 wounded on Thursday in two suicide bomb blasts claimed by Islamic State in Beirut’s southern suburbs, a stronghold of the Shi’ite Muslim group Hezbollah.

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