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Wednesday , July 28 2021

Domestic workers number totals 2.133 million at end of 2019

Total number of employees reaches 1.993m at ’20 end

KUWAIT CITY, May 18: The latest statistics issued by the Central Statistical Bureau on employment as at the end of 2020 (classified according to number, gender, nationality, wage, age and others) show that the number of employees reached 1.993 million excluding the domestic workers whose number totaled 2.133 million at the end of 2019, reports Al- Jarida daily quoting the economic weekly report. According to the report, if workers in the family sector — domestic workers and the like – (about 669,000) are added; the total number is around 2.662 million compared to 2.865 million in 2019. Domestic workers constitute about 25.1 percent of the total number of employees in 2020 compared to 25.5 percent in 2019.

Also, the average monthly salary of male Kuwaiti workers in the government sector in 2020 was KD1,871 compared to KD1,834 in 2019 while their female counterparts received an average salary of KD1,302 in 2020 compared to KD1,287 in 2019 — a difference of 43.7 percent in favor of the men. The average monthly salary for non-Kuwaiti males in the government sector was KD757 in 2020 compared to KD742 in 2019; while the non-Kuwaiti females received an average salary of KD681 in 2020 compared to KD676 in 2019 — a difference of 11.3 percent in favor of the men. Therefore, gender equality in terms of salary is seen in the case of non-Kuwaitis. The average monthly salary of Kuwaitis of both genders in the government sector was KD1,533 in 2020 compared to KD1,510 in 2019, while the non-Kuwaitis received an average salary of KD719 in 2020 compared to KD710 in 2019 — a difference of 113.2 percent in favor of Kuwaitis.

Salary
The average monthly salary of male Kuwaitis in the private sector was KD1,474 in 2020 compared to KD1,468 in 2019 — 21.3 percent lower than the average salary of males in the government sector. Kuwaiti females in the private sector received an average salary of KD938 in 2020 compared to KD919 in 2019 — 28 percent lower than the average salary of their counterparts in the government sector. Without a doubt, the labor subsidy for nationals working in the private sector somehow narrowed the gap between the salaries of workers in both sectors. The average monthly salary of non-Kuwaiti males in the private sector was KD289 in 2020 compared to KD277 in 2019 — 38.1 percent lower than the average salary of their counterparts in the government sector. Non-Kuwaiti female employees in the private sector received an average salary of KD402 in 2020 compared to KD394 in 2019 — 39.1 percent higher than the average salary of their male counterparts in the private sector, but 41 percent lower than the average salary of their counterparts in the government sector.

If the government and private sectors are merged, the average monthly salary of Kuwaiti males was KD1,787 in 2020 compared to KD1,754 in 2019; while the average salary of Kuwaiti females was KD1,245 in 2020 compared to KD1,227 in 2019 — a difference of 43.5 percent in favor of the males. The average monthly salary of male and female Kuwaitis was KD1,474 in 2020 compared to KD1,450 in 2019; while the non-Kuwaitis received an average salary of KD318 in 2020 compared to KD306 in 2019. If these figures are taken into account, there is a huge impact on the lowest salary of non-Kuwaitis; but the labor subsidy for Kuwaitis working in the private sector is not taken into consideration here. In addition, the number of Kuwaiti workers in the government sector reached 334,000 in 2020 compared to 322,000 in 2019; while their counterparts in the private sector reached 72,980 in 2020 compared to 73,230 in 2019. It can be deduced from these figures that 82.1 percent of the Kuwaiti workers are in the government sector compared to 17.9 percent in the private sector.

The percentage of Kuwaitis working in the government sector who hold university degrees is 43.1 percent, while 4.4 percent hold postgraduate degrees, 14.6 percent hold post-secondary and undergraduate degrees, and 21.5 percent hold a high school diploma or its equivalent. Based on these figures, 83.6 percent of Kuwaitis working in the government hold high school diploma and doctorate degrees. Despite this, the productivity of the government sector remains low for various reasons such as crowded and unorganized working environment, low educational level, disparity between educational outcomes and manpower needs of the labor market, or spread of the fake certificates phenomenon.

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