Putin says no to Snowden extradition

MOSCOW, June 25, (Agencies): Russian President Vladimir Putin bluntly rejected US pleas to turn over National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden on Tuesday, saying he is free to travel wherever he wants and insisting that Russian security agencies haven’t contacted him.

Snowden is in the transit zone of a Moscow airport and has not passed through Russian immigration, Putin said, meaning he is not technically in Russia.

After arriving Sunday on a flight from Hong Kong, Snowden registered for a Havana-bound flight from Moscow on Monday en route to Venezuela and then possible asylum in Ecuador, but he didn’t board the plane.

Snowden’s whereabouts since then have been a mystery, and Putin’s comments were the first time Russia has made clear it knows where he is.

Speculation has been rife that Russian security agencies might want to keep Snowden in Russia for a more thorough debriefing, but Putin denied that.

“Our special services never worked with Snowden and aren’t working with him today,” Putin said at a news conference during a visit to Finland.

Putin said that because there is no extradition agreement with the US, it couldn’t meet the US request.
“Snowden is a free man, and the sooner he chooses his final destination the better it is for us and for him,” Putin said. “I hope it will not affect the business-like character of our relations with the US and I hope that our partners will understand that.”

US Secretary of State John Kerry said Tuesday that though the United States does not have an extradition treaty with Russia, it wants Moscow to comply with common law practices between countries where fugitives are concerned.

Putin’s staunch refusal to consider deporting Snowden shows the Russian president’s readiness to further challenge Washington at a time when US-Russian relations are already strained over Syria and a Russian ban on adoptions by Americans.

A Kremlin decision to provide even temporary shelter and safe transit to Snowden would embarrass Washington. And despite Putin’s denial, security experts believe the Russian special services wouldn’t miss the chance to question a man who is believed to hold reams of classified US documents and can shed light on how the US intelligence agencies collect information.

Igor Korotchenko, director of the Center for Global Arms Trade and editor of National Defense Magazine, said Snowden would be of particular interest because little is known about digital espionage.

“The security services would be happy to enter into contact with Snowden,” Korotchenko said.
Russia also relished using Snowden’s revelations to try to turn the tables on US criticism of Russia’s rights record.

Putin compared Snowden to WikiLeaks founder, Julian Assange, who has been provided asylum in the Ecuadorean Embassy in London, saying that both men were labeled criminals but consider themselves rights activists and champions of freedom of information.

“Ask yourself a question: should people like that be extradited so that they put them in prison or not?” he said. “In any case, I would prefer not to deal with such issues. It’s like shearing a piglet: a lot of squealing and little wool.”

In an apparent reference to claims that Moscow could have played a role in Snowden’s exit from Hong Kong, he said that his arrival was a “complete surprise” and dismissed accusations against Russia as “ravings and sheer nonsense.”

“He doesn’t need a visa or any other documents, and as a transit passenger he has the right to buy a ticket and fly wherever he wants,” Putin said.

Russian news media had reported that Snowden remained in a transit zone of Moscow’s Sheremetyevo Airport, which is separate from the regular departure zones. He has not been seen by any of the journalists that have been roaming the airport in search of him.

Legally, an arriving air passenger only crosses the border after clearing immigration checks.
Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov rejected the US push for Snowden’s extradition earlier Tuesday, but wouldn’t specify his whereabouts, saying only that he hasn’t crossed the Russian border.
“We consider the attempts to accuse Russia of violating US laws and even some sort of conspiracy, which on top of all that are accompanied by threats, as absolutely ungrounded and unacceptable,” Lavrov said. “There are no legal grounds for such conduct by US officials.”

US and Ecuadorean officials had said they believed Snowden was still in Russia.

Kerry called for “calm and reasonableness.”

“We would hope that Russia would not side with someone who is ‘a fugitive’ from justice,’ “ Kerry said at a news conference in Saudi Arabia.

The US has revoked Snowden’s passport.

A representative of WikiLeaks has been traveling with Snowden, and the organization is believed to be assisting him in arranging asylum. Assange, the group’s founder, said Monday that Snowden was only passing through Russia and had applied for asylum in Ecuador, Iceland and possibly other countries.
A high-ranking Ecuadorean official told The Associated Press that Russia and Ecuador were discussing where Snowden could go, saying the process could take days. He also said Ecuador’s ambassador to Moscow had not seen or spoken to Snowden. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the case publicly.

Ecuador’s foreign minister, Ricardo Patino, hailed Snowden on Monday as “a man attempting to bring light and transparency to facts that affect everyone’s fundamental liberties.”

“We’re following all the appropriate legal channels and working with various other countries to make sure that the rule of law is observed,” President Barack Obama told reporters.

The Kremlin has previously said Russia would be ready to consider Snowden’s request for asylum.
Snowden is a former CIA employee who later was hired as a contractor for the NSA. In that job, he gained access to documents that he gave to newspapers the Guardian and The Washington Post to expose what he contends are privacy violations by an authoritarian government.

Worried
US intelligence agencies are worried they do not yet know how much highly sensitive material is in the possession of Snowden.

The agencies fear that Snowden may have taken many more documents than officials initially estimated and that his alliance with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange increases the likelihood that they will be made public without considering the security implications, they said.

Investigators believe Snowden, who was working in Hawaii for an NSA contractor, was partly successful at covering his tracks as he accessed a broad array of information about operations conducted by NSA and its British equivalent, Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), according to the sources, who declined to be identified.

In a weekend television appearance, the chairwoman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Senator Dianne Feinstein, said she had been informed by US officials that Snowden possessed around 200 secret documents.

But one non-government source familiar with Snowden’s materials said that Feinstein grossly understated the size of Snowden’s document haul and that he left for Hong Kong with thousands of documents copied from the NSA files.

Two US national security sources that were among the people Reuters spoke to confirmed that investigators believe Snowden possesses a substantial amount of secret material, though they declined to discuss numbers.

So far, the Guardian and the Washington Post have not published all the details of the documents that Snowden gave them.

Assange and Wikileaks in the past have taken a different approach in releasing tens of thousands of reports about US military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as 250,000 State Department cables.

Group
A leading UK civil liberties group is requesting a formal investigation into whether British intelligence services unlawfully accessed their electronic communications.
Liberty lodged a claim Tuesday with the Investigatory Powers Tribunal seeking a ruling on whether British eavesdropping agency GCHQ illegally accessed personal material.
If Liberty’s claims of “out-of-control-snooping” are correct, the British intelligence services may have violated the European Human Rights Act which guarantees the right to a private personal and family life.
Liberty legal director James Welch said those in power “cannot swap targeted investigations for endless monitoring of the entire globe.”
Documents disclosed by Snowden suggest GCHQ secretly accessed fiber-optic cables carrying huge amounts of data.

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